Orewa Lawyer

3 Reasons People Consult An Orewa Lawyer

A consultation with an Orewa lawyer may take place for several reasons. Clients may be in need of legal services due to the situations they are dealing with, or will be facing at some point in the future. There are lawyers who take on different types of cases. In fact, it all depends on the types of cases they feel most comfortable working on for the clients.


Dealing With Criminal Charges


One of the main reasons people consult with lawyers is because they’re dealing with criminal charges and aren’t sure what to do next. They may have been accused of committing some type of crime and could be facing jail time due to the nature of those crimes. When someone is charged with a crime, it’s typically a frightening situation for them, especially if they’re not actually guilty of doing anything. They would need to retain a defense lawyer to represent them in the courtroom and assist them with their legal woes.


An Orewa Lawyer For Getting a Divorce


Some people consult with an Orewa lawyer because they are planning to divorce their partner. They may no longer be happy in the marriage. There is a possibility that their partner cheated, lied, or did other things to cause the marriage to come to an end. If someone wants to get a divorce, they’ll need to know the right steps to take to make sure it gets done properly. In that case, it would be wise of the individual to consult with a divorce attorney about the situation while learning more of what he or she can expect of the divorce process.

Fighting For Custody


Parents who aren’t getting time with their children may reach out to a custody lawyer in an attempt to get a new custody agreement put in place. One parent could fight for full custody of the children if he or she feels the children aren’t safe with the other parent due to negligence, drugs, or other potentially dangerous situations the other parent may be involved in. In some instances, grandparents are fighting for custody of the children because both parents are negligent, and the children are suffering as result of the negligence.


Orewa lawyerThese are three of the primary reasons people consult with lawyers, but they’re certainly not the only reasons people choose to hire professionals to assist them with different situations. It’s important for anyone to have a lawyer by their side when they’re buying a home, trying to get spousal support, or even looking to file a lawsuit against someone else because of something they’ve done. Some law firms specialize in taking on certain types of cases. The best way to make sure you’re being represented by someone with experience is to choose a lawyer who takes on cases that are similar to the one you might have.


Overall, lawyers play such a significant role in the modern world. Many have a broad understanding of the different laws while others are more specialised. A good Orewa lawyer will be able to help a lot of people with their legal woes. One well respected lawyer that services the Orewa area is McVeagh Fleming and Co. They are focused on helping their clients with different situation.

West Auckland Upholstery Cleaner

West Auckland Upholstery Cleaner – Helps Safeguard Your Furniture


Furniture is probably the third most expensive purchase most families make, after their home, and the car. Therefore, it makes sense to get as long a life from it as possible. The best way is to buy good quality furniture in the beginning. The next important big factor is looking after it properly.


Below are some guidelines from a West Auckland upholstery cleaner.


Taking Care of your Furniture

The best way to increase the life any upholstered furniture is to follow a couple of simple tips. The first, is quite obvious. In case you anyone should spill anything on the fabric, wipe it up immediately they happen. Secondly, people are strongly advised to brush or vacuum their furniture upholstery weekly. This small task will prevent grease, and dirt building up within the fabric fibres. This will help to prolong the useful life of your furniture’s upholstery. Third, turning the cushions every week will spread the wear and tear meaning they will retain their shape and become worn evenly. The fourth tip is trying to keep the upholstery away from direct sunlight. The strong ultraviolet rays from the sun in New Zealand will cause the colours to fade on your furniture. It can also mean that the fabric will prematurely deteriorate.

Selecting the Right Fabric

Couches before cleaning

Couches before cleaning

You can make life a lot easier by selecting a good fabric at the start. This can reduce the amount of dirt that gets trapped, or the oils that soak into the fibres. It can also mean the difference between a fabric that is easy to clean after a spill and ne that is a nightmare. Think about your lifestyle when choosing upholstery. For example, have you got young children? They will inevitably spill food or drink on the furniture. They are also likely to be less respectful of the fabric and might climb on it if not taught properly.


In these situations, choose a stain-resistant fabric or even a brocade for the family room furniture. It’s a much better bet to select a tightly woven fabric that will withstand the dust, grime, and friction of daily use. For items of furniture that are going to get a lot of use, have a stain-resistant treatment applied to the fabric. This won’t make the furniture waterproof, but it should increase the life of the fabric.


Furniture Maintenance

The third aspect of extending your furniture investment is to make sure that you hire a West Auckland upholstery cleaner once each year. Some people might be tempted to clean their upholstery themselves, this is not a good idea. Furniture fabrics usually have “cleanability codes” which are shown as W, S, WS, and X. These codes tell you the type cleaning products which can safely be used on that particular fabric.


Hiring a professional West Auckland upholstery cleaner is especially true if your furniture upholstery fabric is a microfibre or leather. Many people think that leather is indestructible; that’s not so. Leave cleaning a leather sofa to the experts.


Finding An Expert Upholstery Cleaner

West Auckland Upholstery Cleaner

After cleaning

Since your furniture is such a significant investment, it pays to be alert to upholstery cleaners that offer super cheap deals for cleaning. If they are any good, they do not need to make cheap offers. Instead, look for an upholstery cleaning company that you can find online which has good reviews, or ask for referrals from friends and family. You should be able to go online and search for a West Auckland upholstery cleaner

This way you can expect a top-class service from an expert upholstery cleaner. They should inspect your furniture looking for any stains that might be permanent, and also any damage to the fabric. They should also clean the furniture with a vacuum cleaner to start with, and then pre-treat any of those possible permanent stains. They will then clean the upholstery fabric according to the fabric care codes mentioned above. Depending on the fabric type, they might also use a blow dryer to speed-up the drying time.


In conclusion, furniture upholstery cleaning will help to prolong your investment. When you hire an expert West Auckland upholstery cleaner, they will make sure that your upholstery is looked after, and cleaned properly for you.


For more tips on upholstery cleaning in west Auckland, click here www. gogreencarpetcleaning.co.nz.

Auckland carpet cleaning – end of tenancy cleaning

How Dirty Carpets Can Make You Lose Your Bond

All renters want to have their bond back after leaving a home. However, there are various reasons why homeowners refuse to return the full amount to their tenants at the end of lease. Dirty carpets are among the most popular excuses for not paying back the full bond. Here are some tips on what to do for end of tenancy cleaning Auckland for carpets that tenants can benefit from.

When carpets get very dirty or stained, they become very difficult to clean. If you try to rub them, you risk to destroy the fibre, therefore ruining the entire carpet. If you soak them too much, they might develop mould and mildew. Besides, in case of pet urine, even if you manage to get rid of the stains, removing the odour proves to be an extremely difficult task.

All these lead to the point that a homeowner would have to spend a lot of money on professional carpet cleaning services, in order to prepare their property for new tenants. Sometimes they may even have to replace these old carpets with new ones. Nobody would be willing to pay for all these from their own pocket, so they are going to return only a part of the bond to former renters. In some situations, they may decide not to return it at all, especially if the ruined or dirty carpets were very expensive.

Auckland carpet cleanersTo avoid such situations, end of tenancy carpet cleaning Auckland renters will benefit from especially for the carpets before asking your landlord to give you back your bond money. If needed, you should hire expert cleaning services to help you. Their price should be a lot smaller than the value of your bond, so you should think it over very well. These companies have expert staff and professional equipment, thus being able to do a much better job than the average tenant. Some of them offer end of lease cleaning services focused on all issues and details that might determine a landlord retain the bond. Besides, when you hire this type of services, you usually have a guarantee, so you won’t have to pay anything in case the furniture, the carpets or other assets are ruined. This can give you the peace of mind that you are going to be compensated for your loss, should the cleaners destroy anything in the house.

The end of lease inspection of a property is perhaps the most important moment in the life of a renter. Your main objective is to have your bond money returned to you, so you need to do everything in your power to show your ex-landlord you’ve been taking good care of their property and belongings. As dirty or stained carpets are the first to stand out in case of visual inspections, you need to make sure they are spotlessly clean. Accidental spills are quite common in all households, therefore nobody expects you to maintain those carpets in perfect condition. Nonetheless, you are expected to clean them properly before leaving the house, so there’s no wonder so many landlords refuse to return their leaving tenants the bond.

For more advice on end of tenancy carpet cleaning visit www.gogreencarpetcleaning.co.nz.


North Shore Employment Dispute Lawyer

Why You Need a Specialist Lawyer for Employment Issues

Employee issues are an incredibly complex field, and if you want to make sure that your company is beyond reproach and that you are not going to get caught out in a legal web of rules and regulations, you need to talk to a specialist North Shore employment dispute lawyer before you take any action against an employee. Most lawyers that represent employees are doing so because they want to defend their client’s rights – they know that a non-unionised employee is in a difficult position, and powerless against their employers. They are motivated lawyers and they know the rules and regulations they are dealing with.

It is unlikely that you are going to end up in legal disputes often – most companies will only see them happen once or twice in the duration of a manager’s tenure. Bigger companies with hundreds of employees may see complaints and legal issues coming through far more often, though.

While many employees will accept what the company does to them, but many know their employment rights and will fight to make sure that they are fairly treated in every respect. Even a well-meaning company that does not intend to hurt their employee through disciplinary action, redundancy, or pay issues could end up breaking the law if they don’t fully understand what their responsibilities and obligations are.  It becomes even more complicated when trying to dismiss an employee. You may feel that they are demonstrably causing problems for you and that you want to get rid of them, but there are long, drawn out procedures that must be followed in certain states.

Even though zero hours contracts are now not legal in New Zealand, there are some unscrupulous lawyers who try to bend the rules in their favour. In all employment dispute situations, you must treat carefully because if you do not follow the laws exactly, the employees could make a case for unfair dismissal or constructive dismissal, and that could be expensive in the short-term and bad PR for you in the long-term.

Smaller companies should make sure that they have someone trained in HR work with them to create their policies and rules. Bigger companies should have a full HR team, and also have lawyers on hand to help them if things get complicated.

Document everything, and have clear procedures for disciplinary proceedings that employees are aware of. Have clear pay policies too, and make sure that they are a part of the employee handbook. Take complaints seriously, especially ones about harassment, bullying and discrimination. Provide training for employees but set out in their contracts what they are expected to do in return for the training, to protect yourself from the possibility of people leaving after earning a very high value industry certification.

North Shore employment lawyerHowever, for many companies, it is not possible to have a full-time HR specialist so for these businesses it makes sense to work with a specialist North Shore employment dispute lawyer like McVeagh Fleming in Albany. They have a team of lawyers who work in the employment field and can represent you in case you run into any employee disputes. They can also help you set-up your HR resources and procedures so that you reduce the risk of any disputes arising or falling foul of the current NZ employment laws.

You can find more details on their website at mcveaghfleming.co.nz.

For information about NZ zero-hour employment law, go to this site.

Business lawyer in Auckland

Protect Your Business With A Good Auckland Business Lawyer


If you are a small business owner with a growing company, it may be time to hire a business lawyer in Auckland. As your business expands, you can find yourself dealing with a variety of legal issues including consumer complaints, competition, or even tax issues. Depending on the size of your business and how often you need legal expertise, it may be worthwhile to find a business lawyer who can be your permanent representative. There are different types of lawyers and you should seek the services of an attorney who specialises in corporate law. These lawyers are experienced in all aspects of the law as it pertains to business, including taxes, finances, and employment.


You, as the business owner will be busy trying to grow your business. Handling the day-to-day issues such as customer complaints and cash-flow do not leave time for trying to work your way through a bunch of legal papers. This is where a business lawyer in Auckland can help.


If you are just starting out, a good business lawyer can help determine the proper legal structure for your business. There are different types of corporate structures and each carries a certain amount of personal liability for the business owner. Your business lawyer can advise you on the best way to protect your personal assets in case something happens with the business.


Business lawyer in AucklandA business lawyer will also be responsible for handling any lawsuits concerning the business. You may need to protect yourself during a lawsuit or file one yourself. It is very expensive to go to trial. A good business attorney will work with you to handle any lawsuits, including negotiations with the other side. This can help prevent the costs in both time and money of having to go to court. Your business attorney can often prevent legal issues from becoming lawsuits.


When you are running a business, you will be dealing with contracts. Most of your professional relationships will involve a contract. Working with partners, investors, vendors and some employees will often require a contract so that the rights of both parties are protected. You should not try and create a contract without the help of a business lawyer. If a contract is not properly prepared and signed, it may not be legally recognised which can become a real issue if you are taken to court. Ask your business lawyer to draft all contracts to avoid any legal issues later.


As you add more employees, you will find yourself dealing with labour laws. These laws are designed to protect the rights of your employees, but they can be cumbersome and difficult to understand. Your business lawyer can help ensure you are not in violation of any labour laws and help prevent any employee labor issues.


Of course, there are many things you can do with your business where you don’t need a business lawyer. However when it comes to deciding corporate structure, handling or avoiding lawsuits, and ensuring you are complying with all labor laws, your business attorney is your best ally. Find the right business lawyer and they will help protect your business.


For a good business lawyer in Auckland contact McVeagh Fleming and Co.

High-end West Auckland real estate agent

How To Choose A Real Estate Agent To Sell High-End Homes in West Auckland

High-end homes west AucklandIf you would like to sell your luxury home as quickly as possible using a real estate agent, you will need to find a one that is skilled at selling high-end homes. Although many people think that it is more difficult to find someone to purchase an expensive home, opposed to one that is average in price, there are always people that have the means to pay top dollar for homes that they absolutely must have. Here are some tips on choosing a high-end West Auckland real estate agent that will be highly skilled at selling your high-end home

Where To Start Your Research for a High-end West Auckland Real Estate Agent

You can begin your research by looking on Google local listings, or even on http://www.realestate.co.nz/, to see if there are any reviews of local realtors. Although you can list your property with national companies, you might want to consider looking at what other people have to say about local realtors that might be doing a fantastic job. If your home is priced between $1 million and $10 million, you will want to find a realtor that has a track record for moving these types of homes. If you can find a couple of them that come highly recommended, you will then want to write down their contact information and then move on to the next step.

Contact The Real Estate Agent Directly

The next step is actually speaking with the real estate agent that you have found to see if they would be good candidates for selling your house. You will want to set an appointment with each one to talk to them about the prospect of selling your home through them. They will provide you with information on how they will market your home, how many homes they have sold recently, and whether or not they think that there is a chance that it will sell. One of them will stand out from all of the rest, and then you will want to trust this individual to begin the marketing process. After you have set this up, you will have the best possible chance of selling that house so that you can get your liquid assets.

How Long Will It Take To Sell Your Home?

Regardless of what the realtor will tell you, selling a high-priced home can take a little longer than usual. Even though there are people that have the money to purchase an expensive home, it just depends on the location of the home, its age, and whether or not it has an appealing exterior and interior design. You never know what people are looking for, or what individuals will be in the general vicinity that will want to invest into your house. Always be prepared to wait a couple of months, but if you have chosen the best agent in your area, it might sell faster than you would imagine.

high end real estate agentThese simple strategies for finding a High-end West Auckland Real Estate Agent to help you sell your home should lead you to the right person. As long as they have a track record for selling expensive homes, you should be in good hands. Always remember that there is the possibility that there is no-one currently looking for a house like yours, and you may have to wait a little longer than normal. However, there are almost always one or two buyers out there that will be more than happy to purchase your home for the price that you are asking.

For more information on a suitable Real Estate Agent, you can contact David Whitley who has a proven record in selling high-end homes in west Auckland.

Mt Eden house renovations builder

A Few Questions to Ask Your House Renovations Builder Before Starting Your Project

Major house renovations are always a big project and for so many people they cause unwanted stress and often financial hardship as budgets and time plans over-run. To avoid these problems, and to keep your Mt Eden house renovations job on time and in budget, ask your builder the following questions before signing on the dotted line.

Mt Eden house renovations1 – The Schedule – this should be much more inclusive than a start date and a completion date. The schedule should outline the tasks and the timing to give you a large over view of the project. It should include deadlines for things like counter tops and tiles. It will also give you a clue if your project starts to run behind schedule.

Schedules are very important on even relatively small renovation jobs. Projects like kitchen renovations need to have all lead times determined in advance so that any sub-traders can be scheduled in to work at the right time.

2 – The Workers On Site – you need to determine who will be on-site each day, who will be responsible for the opening and locking up of the property at the end of each working day. You also need to know who will be responsible for supervising any subcontractors which will be used in the renovation process.

3 – How Will the Property Be Protected? – don’t wait until half of the interior walls have been knocked down before asking about protection for your furniture, fittings, artwork, delicate vases and drapes. You need to know what measures the builders will take and what measures you can take yourself to protect your most valuable objects before the building work begins. It may be necessary to remove the majority of the articles well away from the construction zone rather than risk them being dirtied and damaged.

4 – Levels Of Communication – you need to be kept fully informed about your project and these days there are plenty of ways available to communicate. Whether communication will be by e-mail, text message, telephone call or the use of social media sites, you need to discuss this before the project starts. It is a good idea to schedule in weekly meetings at specific times to make sure that everything is running on track and according to schedule.

5 – Specific Concerns About the Project – it’s always a good idea to discuss worst case scenarios and “what ifs” before starting any new house renovations projects. The chances are that your contractor will already have some idea of the potential pitfalls in your project.  Ask him about them and any plans they have in order to deal with them should they arise.

6 – What If The Order Is Changed – Unexpected and expected changes of order happen very frequently on larger renovation projects. These should not cause too many problems with your renovations contract but there should be allowances made for them. It may be necessary to make changes to the schedule, just be sure that your chosen contractor has all of the necessary plans in place if needed.

7 – After-hours Contact – it is important to be able to reach your house renovations builders in an emergency situation, just as it is important for them to be able to reach you at any time of the night or day should the need arise. Make sure that you exchange all numbers including work numbers, cell phone and land lines.

8 – Decision Making – there are lots of minor decisions which will need to be made as the project advances. It is important for you to understand what decisions need to be made and when. There are many ways of dealing with this – spreadsheets are an excellent tool as well as notes or lists on a calendar. Just so long as you have clear instruction about the decisions which need to be made and when – you won’t go too far wrong. Make sure that you have a final deadline for each individual decision which you will need to make.

Mt Eden house renovations builder9 – End of Project Paperwork – before the project starts you need to clarify exactly what documentation and paperwork you will receive once the house renovation work has been completed.

Make sure that you ask the right questions and get everything up front and out in the open before starting on your home renovation project for your security and peace of mind.


For more information on Mt Eden house renovations, contact  http://repairandrestore.co.nz via the website.

Mt Eden house renovations

Plumber for blocked drains in Albany

Why You Need A Plumber To Clear A Blocked Drain

Is water backing up in your sink or your shower? You could be dealing with a blocked drain. It might be possible to clear a blocked drain by pouring a drain cleaner or even by using a plumbing snake but you should really consider calling a plumber.

Blocked Drains

Blocked Drains

Clearing a drain yourself is not as easy as it sounds. You can buy drain cleaner but these products do not always work. The chemicals used in these products can be toxic and fumes might come out of the drains. Besides, drain cleaners will not do anything unless the clog is right under the drain. If a pipe is clogged further down, the drain cleaner will probably not reach the clog.

Using a plumbing snake yourself is not a good idea either. You will have to purchase a plumbing snake, which means this method is not more affordable than calling a plumber. Using a plumbing snake can be difficult if you have never done it before and you might end up causing damages to your plumbing system. This could result in a leak and you might have to pay for more expensive repairs if you make things worse by using a snake.

It is best to call a plumber since they will exactly what to do. Besides, they will be able to precisely locate where the clog is. It is not easy to determine where a drain or pipe is clogged if you do not know anything about plumbing.

Clearing a blocked drain will only take a few minutes for an experienced plumber. They will be able to determine where the clog is and will choose the best method to solve the problem. A plumber can clear a drain with a plumbing snake or might be able to solve the problem by removing the section that is clogged so they can clear the clog.

It is best to hire a plumber to clear the drain because they will solve the problem and will also be able to identify any other issues with your plumbing system. You will be able to ask them for advice on how to prevent more clogs from forming in the future.

Finding a plumber in your area should be easy. You can use online listings or talk to your neighbours to find out which plumber they use. Look for a professional who offers emergency services if you cannot use your plumbing system because of the clog.

Albany blocked drainFixing a blocked drain yourself is not easy and you might end up causing more damages, which would result in more expensive repairs. You can easily find a good plumber who will be able to fix the blocked drain quickly and who will look for any other issues. The best way to clear a blocked drain is to call a professional since they will be able to determine where the clog is and will know right away what the best way to get rid of the clog is besides advising you on how to avoid more issues in the future.

For assistance in clearing Albany blocked drains call Heron Plumbing.

Blockhouse Bay Invisalign dentist

Invisalign: The Modern Approach To Straightening Teeth

Invisalign Blockhouse BayIf you are looking for a way to straighten your teeth to get that perfect smile you have always wished for then you should really consider trying Invisalign. Invisalign is basically the modern and more improved version of traditional or conventional braces that has gained quite a lot of popularity over the years. Getting to know as much information as possible about this cosmetic dental procedure is necessary if you want to get the much needed help you need.

The Procedure for Invisalign Dental Braces

Invisalign treatment makes use of sophisticated computer imaging technology to scan your dental formula and jaw structure to determine the specific corrections that need to applied to your teeth and the time needed to do so. The entire treatment process will demand that you wear special aligners and retainers that are custom made for you by a qualified dentist. The aligners and retainers are clear in colour so they are rarely noticeable by other people.

For the aligners to work effectively, you may be required to stay on treatment from 12 to up to 36 months. Staying on treatment for this entire period is necessary as your teeth will need a lot of time to gradually adjust themselves back into their ideal positions.

Benefits of Invisalign over Conventional Braces

The main difference between Invisalign and conventional braces that most people are familiar with is that you can remove the aligners or braces at any given time. This means that you are not restricted with eating certain foods and drinks. You also have the freedom to brush and floss your teeth as you would normally do if you did not have braces.

On top of that, you do not have to deal with the irritation that comes with having metallic braces and wires in your mouth. Invisalign dental braces also require less frequent dental checkups to readjust the braces.

Better appearance of braces

Your facial appearance and dental aesthetics are also not affected in any way as the aligners and retainers are clear in nature. No one will even notice that you are wearing braces.

Pain is also a major concern for many people who aspire to have straight teeth. Fitting and maintaining of traditional metal braces is normally a painful affair in most cases. This is not the case with Invisalign braces. The braces used in Invisalign treatment will only cause a temporary discomfort during the first few days after fitting. This means that you can achieve your teeth straightening goal without too much trouble and torment.

Invisalign treatment is suitable for both children and adults. Small kids with baby teeth are however not recommended for this treatment. A quick consultation with a qualified dentist should determine whether you are a suitable candidate for this procedure.

Last but not least, if you want to get this type of braces you should talk to an approved or qualified Invisalign provider. Some dentists are yet to undergo the special training required to practice Invisalign treatment on their patients.

Blockhouse Bay Dentist for Invisalign Braces

avondale-dental-centreIf you live in west Auckland and are looking for a Blockhouse Bay Invisalign dentist, then check out Avondale Dental Centre. The dentist has many years experience in dental treatment including treating patients with Invisalign dental braces.


When to Hire An Albany Employment Lawyer

Top Reasons To Hire An Albany Employment Lawyer

Many people think that getting a job today is difficult, but keeping it can prove just as difficult There are plenty of things that can go wrong in the workplace, and things don’t always fall in your favour. In such situations, having a professional guide you through the process and represent you in court can ensure that you keep your job or receive the right compensation. Keep reading to learn a few of the top reasons why you need to hire an Albany employment lawyer if you live or work on the North Shore in Auckland.

The primary reason to hire an employment lawyer is to give you sound employment law advice. Some of the most common cases handled by an employment lawyer include discrimination, sexual harassment, wrongful termination of your job, and employment contracts. As the employment laws in NZ are very complex and must follow a strict path, employers often make mistakes when disciplining staff, in relation to Employment Agreements, or trying to fire someone. As a result, it is very easy for a business to break employment laws, in which case you have all the reason to take your case to a qualified employment lawyer.

Many people who deal with the problems mentioned above first go through the Human Resources department in an attempt to settle the issue. However, this isn’t always the best way forward since, even though they are supposed to protect your rights, they are also supposed to protect the company’s rights too. It could be safe to assume that they are not working with your best interests in mind.

What Can An Albany Employment Lawyer Do?

Albany employment lawyer

Albany employment lawyer

An employment lawyer can speed up the process and help you settle the case in a timely and efficient manner. You can rest assured that the lawyer’s experience and expertise in handling these cases can help you save your job. It’s even possible for the lawyer to negotiate with your employer so that the case does not have to go to court

Other common issues where people hire an employment lawyer include, attempted changes to an employment contract, redundancy, changing job descriptions, harassment and many others. These are just some of the benefits of hiring an employment lawyer. While this requires shelling out money, it pays to remember that the return you can receive is much greater especially if you consider the long term benefits of keeping your job.

For more information about an Albany employment lawyer, try McVeagh Fleming and Co.